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What Happens After Implantation Bleeding?

When you’re trying to get pregnant, there are a number of unknown things that can easily cause concern, and it is a common practice of would-be mothers to look for as many early pregnancy signs as possible in order to provide some kind of relief. One of the most common early symptoms of conception is a physiological occurrence known as implantation bleeding. Also defined as “spotting”, implantation bleeding can be experienced when a fertilized egg attaches itself (implants) to the uterine wall. During this process a small amount of blood loss can be caused. Spotting shows up in the form of a light pink or sometimes brown-colored vaginal discharge. Many women experience this condition roughly six to twelve days after ovulation and fertilization. Both processes are explained below, read on and find out new interesting information.

When you’re trying to get pregnant, there are a number of unknown things that can easily cause concern, and it is a common practice of would-be mothers to look for as many early pregnancy signs as possible in order to provide some kind of relief. One of the most common early symptoms of conception is a physiological occurrence known as implantation bleeding. Also defined as “spotting”, implantation bleeding can be experienced when a fertilized egg attaches itself (implants) to the uterine wall. During this process a small amount of blood loss can be caused. Spotting shows up in the form of a light pink or sometimes brown-colored vaginal discharge. Many women experience this condition roughly six to twelve days after ovulation and fertilization. Both processes are explained below, read on and find out new interesting information.

Understanding Ovulation and Fertilization

Ovulation is the golden key to conceiving a child. During ovulation, a mature egg is released from a woman’s ovary. It travels down the Fallopian tube, and subsequently makes itself available for fertilization. During this time, the lining of the uterus increases in thickness. In such a way it prepares for the fertilized egg (also referred to as a “zygote”) further development. If conception does not take place, the uterine lining will shed, which is typically accompanied by a substantial amount of bloody discharge. This process of “purging” the body of the uterine wall and unfertilized egg is what’s commonly known as menstruation. The actual ovulation period lasts between 24 to 48 hours, which obviously means that there is a fairly narrow window of time in which conception can take place. Although the statistics vary depending upon the age range, the average woman has a 15 to 20 percent chance of conceiving a child during every menstrual cycle.

Fertilization occurs when the sperm travels from the cervix to the uterus, and then further into the Fallopian tube, where the egg has been deposited. Although millions of spermatozoa are released during sexual intercourse, only a few hundred of them will complete the “journey” to the egg, and even among that group of sperm, only one will actually be able to penetrate the egg. This “lucky sperm” actually releases a chemical that attracts the egg, and then is allowed to penetrate the membrane (called the “zona pellucida”) that provides a protective layer for an egg. Once this is done, the fertilizing sperm fuses its genetic contents with the nucleus of the egg, and fertilization itself takes place. This newly formed egg is known as a “zygote”, which comes from the Greek word meaning “to join together.” This process also happens within a quite strict time frame; a female’s egg is able to be fertilized by the male’s sperm only within a 12 to 24 hour window. Once conception takes place, the cells that comprise the egg undergo a series of divisions, which then prepare the egg for the next phase of development known as implantation.

What Happens During Implantation

After the fertilized egg has divided at the cellular level several times over, it develops into a more complex structure known as an “embryo.” The embryo travels from the Fallopian tube to the uterus over a period of 5 to 7 days, and upon arrival can be called “blastocyst.” Implantation itself takes place in the uterus. During this process, the blastocyst affixes itself to the uterine wall (i.e., the “endometrium”), essentially burrowing its way into the nutrient-rich lining of the uterus where it can receive vital nourishment. This act of the blastocyst adhering to the uterine wall disrupts localized blood vessels and causes the early pregnancy symptom known as implantation bleeding.

Symptoms of Implantation Bleeding

– Light pink or brown vaginal discharge, often accompanied by cervical mucus. If the blood is brown, this should not be a cause for alarm. It takes several hours for this discharge to travel from the uterus to the vagina. During this time the process of oxidation begins to take place, turning the blood to a darker color. Moreover, the bleeding should be light, not heavy as in what typically occurs during a woman’s menstrual period.

– Light cramping in the uterus, felt in the lower abdomen; severe or intense cramping may indicate something more serious.

– A slight rise in basal body temperature roughly 7 to 10 days after ovulation.

While the above mentioned symptoms have been commonly reported by women, it is important to note that implantation can occur without any symptoms. Every woman’s body is different, and there are also women who have had viable pregnancies, but never experienced implantation bleeding and cramping at all. If you do not feel any special symptoms, there’s nothing to worry about. Anyway the viability of your pregnancy will not be affected by the absence of these symptoms.

After Implantation: What Happens Next?

Once implantation has occurred, other symptoms that signal the likelihood of successful conception will begin to emerge. One very common early sign of pregnancy is nausea or lightheadedness. This is often due to a drop in blood pressure, or changes in hormone levels as your baby begins to grow. Another variant of these changing hormone levels is certain food aversions. In other words, you may see or smell certain foods that make you want to gag, even foods that you used to enjoy previously. Many experts say that it is due to the rapid spike in estrogen levels that takes place during pregnancy.

Another very common sign that you may be “with child” is the onset of fatigue. You may tire out easier than usual, or you may find yourself wanting to take naps more frequently. Most experts agree that you should pay attention to these physiological cues and take naps whenever possible. The demands, that carrying a baby places on your body, can be truly exhausting, sometimes even getting up off the couch can be a great challenge. Many experts speculate that this fatigue could possibly be attributed to an increase in the level of a hormone known as progesterone. Other not-so-pleasant early signs of pregnancy include abdominal bloating, frequent urination and mood swings.

Bringing a child into the world is a wonderful experience, but the preceding nine-month term is full of uncertainty and anxiety. As you are considering the implications of future motherhood, it is important to remember that every pregnancy mustn`t necessary be alike. Be patient with yourself and remember that your body will undergo a lot of changes throughout these 9 months, some of which you may have never experienced before, even if you are carrying the second or the third child. Do your best to stay positive and rest a lot. Happy pregnancy!

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