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What Can Provoke Vaginal Bleeding During Intercourse?

The only physiologically determined vaginal bleeding during intercourse is the case with losing virginity or a period, which started untimely. All other types of vaginal bleeding have pathological nature. They can be provoked by a trauma, oncological diseases, acute adnexal diseases, interruption of pregnancy. Annual visits to a clinic, taking the necessary medical tests, and following all related recommendations are the best preventive means against vaginal bleeding during intercourse.

Vaginal bleeding during intercourse is natural only at the first sexual encounter. In this case, breaking of the virginal membrane (defloration) can be accompanied by vaginal bleeding, though sometimes, this process may take place without blood loss, due to expansibility of the membrane, presence of a wide natural ostium or a peculiar location of vessels.

In other words, if in case of defloration, there may or may not be any blood, in all other cases, spotting indicates to a pathology, excluding only an untimely started period.

The only physiologically determined vaginal bleeding during intercourse is the case with losing virginity or a period, which started untimely. All other types of vaginal bleeding have pathological nature. They can be provoked by a trauma, oncological diseases, acute adnexal diseases, interruption of pregnancy. Annual visits to a clinic, taking the necessary medical tests, and following all related recommendations are the best preventive means against vaginal bleeding during intercourse.

Vaginal bleeding during intercourse is natural only at the first sexual encounter. In this case, breaking of the virginal membrane (defloration) can be accompanied by vaginal bleeding, though sometimes, this process may take place without blood loss, due to expansibility of the membrane, presence of a wide natural ostium or a peculiar location of vessels.

In other words, if in case of defloration, there may or may not be any blood, in all other cases, spotting indicates to a pathology, excluding only an untimely started period.

So what does blood during intercourse mean, if it’s not the period?

We can outlinefour main causes of vaginal bleeding during intercourse:

  1. Trauma, includingcondyloma affection;
  2. Oncological diseases;
  3. Disruption of a cyst or twisting of adnexas;
  4. Interruption of pregnancy.

Traumas and cervical diseases are among the leading causes in terms of frequency of vaginal bleeding during intercourse and after it. The rarest one among the mentioned causes is complication of cysts and twisting of adnexas (twisting of uterine tubes around ovaries).

Traumatic bleeding

Disruptions of vaginal mucous lining occur due to extremely rough intercourse. Epithelial micro fractures are possible in women in postmenopausal period, breastfeeding mothers, as well as women with general, including endocrine diseases, which affect the secretion of lubrication.

In these cases slight bleeding can be prevented by usage of lubricants. Massive bleeding (which most often occurs in the result of a rough trauma) requires immediate medical aid.

Vaginal bleeding, associated with the estrangement or burst of condyloma, the so-called “genital warts”, should be given special attention to. They are formed in the setting of infection with human papilloma virus. By the way, bleeding that is associated with other sexually transmitted infections, can hardly be attributed to an intercourse. It can occur at any other moment and not be determined by anything.

Neoplasmas and vaginal bleeding

Vaginal bleeding, including bleeding during intercourse, that occurs between periods, is typical to most oncological diseases of female reproductive system. Very often even nonmalignant vaginal affection can cause bleeding, let alone cervical pathologies (erosion, dysplasia, polyps). Endometrial cancer is another reason for vaginal bleeding.

Recurrent bleeding, even in a very small amount, which occurs out of the menstrual cycle, should by all means be paid special attention to. To save one’s life and health, it is required to take a few laboratory tests and find out the actual cause of such bleeding.

Complications, related to adnexas

In this case, sex is far not the actual cause for bleeding. It only coincides in time and sometimes complements launching mechanisms of the origination of a critical condition – twisting, necrosis or burst of an ovary cyst or the ovary itself.

This is rather a common phenomenon – vaginal bleeding starts during an intercourse and intensifies eventually, accompanied by acute pain and fever. This pathology requires urgent hospitalization, as it is fraught with development of peritonitis and even fatality.

Interruption of pregnancy

Gynecologists recommend to abstain from sexual life in critical periods of child bearing, such as implantation, when the chances of hurting the fetus are the greatest. Nevertheless, if generally, pregnancy takes a normal course, there are no counter indications to sex.

What can vaginal bleeding during intercourse indicate to in case of a pregnant woman:

  • Threatened miscarriage due to activation of uterine tonus (early stages);
  • Preterm abruption of normally located placenta (last trimester);
  • Abruption of low located placenta (also in the final stages of pregnancy).

All these complications are dangerous both for the fetus and the future mother, who needs immediate hospitalization. Thus, vaginal bleeding during intercourse is an alarming and adverse symptom. If micro traumas, inflicted by little lubrication, can be prevented by using a gel, which one can buy in a pharmacy, other problems should be, if not prevented, then at least revealed in early stages.

Therefore, it is advisable to visit a gynecologist at least once a year, taking the prescribed tests. This will help to learn about early infection, for example, the same human papilloma virus, or development of a neoplastic (oncological) process. In this case, only monitoring your health can guarantee its proper maintenance.

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