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Important Facts About Implantation Cramps

During the very early stages of pregnancy, the fertilized egg makes a long journey down the Fallopian tube and suddenly gets to the uterus. At this moment, the egg is called a blastocyst. This blastocyst contains several layers of cells. One of the layers is called a trophoblast. After embryo implantation it forms the placenta. When the trophoblast attaches itself to the lining of the uterus, it disturbs its upper layer, so it can cause some mild irritation. This can result in what is known as implantation bleeding, something that about one third of all pregnant women experience. Along with the slight bleeding or spotting, implantation cramps may also occur. Are they dangerous? Can this symptom indicate a miscarriage or even more serious problems? We`ll try to answer these questions. Stay tuned!

During the very early stages of pregnancy, the fertilized egg makes a long journey down the Fallopian tube and suddenly gets to the uterus. At this moment, the egg is called a blastocyst. This blastocyst contains several layers of cells. One of the layers is called a trophoblast. After embryo implantation it forms the placenta. When the trophoblast attaches itself to the lining of the uterus, it disturbs its upper layer, so it can cause some mild irritation. This can result in what is known as implantation bleeding, something that about one third of all pregnant women experience. Along with the slight bleeding or spotting, implantation cramps may also occur. Are they dangerous? Can this symptom indicate a miscarriage or even more serious problems? We`ll try to answer these questions. Stay tuned!

The Nature of Implantation Cramps

Implantation typically occurs at around the time of six to twelve days after ovulation, with the average time frame being nine days. Within 24-48 hours after the blastocyst attaches to the uterine lining a woman may experience some mild bleeding, that could be mistaken for a period. The light bloody discharge generally lasts for a few hours to one or two days at most. Most women experience much lighter bleeding comparing to actual menstrual flow. The blood may also look different than a regular period does. It may even appear light-brownish in color. This is due to the fact that the blood has traveled from the uterus to the cervix, and only then to the vagina. A long journey, isn’t it? Some women don’t even notice implantation symptoms at all, while others experience the strange spotting and may even face a bit of mild cramping during this time. The implantation cramps are the result of light cramps inside the uterus. This can happen during the blastocyst attachment. After successful implantation, most women experience no more spotting and cramping. These symptoms don`t recur as the pregnancy progresses.

Is Implantation Cramping Always a Sign of Pregnancy?

If the cramping a woman is experiencing is truly caused by implantation, this means she is definitely pregnant. But how can we know the exact reason for such feelings? Moreover, there may be other instances, where a woman feels light abdominal convulsions, which does not mean expecting a child. Sometimes they appear due to the PMS, because of the stomach disorder or serious diseases and abnormalities. While spotting and cramping are early signs of pregnancy for some women, others won’t have these symptoms at all, but may experience the other early sensations such as fatigue, breast tenderness, nausea, mood swings, and dizziness upon rising quickly. You can find out the cause of such cramps only after your GYN-visit.

Other Signs of Implantation

Along with the slight cramping and spotting, which can happen during implantation, there are also other signs that indicate the existence of the fertilized egg in the uterus. A woman may also notice changes in her BB temperature during this time period. Along with ovulation and implantation processes a second temperature shift may occur. A dip in temperature happens within 7-10 days after ovulation. All of these symptoms can serve as some of the very earliest signs of pregnancy for women who are really looking for them.

When Cramping During Implantation Occurs

When a woman experiences cramping during implantation, there is really no need to do anything special as long as there is no severe pain involved. If such feeling is only a mild annoyance and does not last too long or become intense, it usually means that everything is OK and that the pregnancy is progressing naturally. If cramps become painful or severe, or continue after the light bleeding subsides, this is definitely time to contact your health care provider or midwife for advice. In rare instances, the intense cramping could mean there is a more serious condition such as an ectopic pregnancy or a possible miscarriage. Such sensations may occur at around six to twelve days after ovulation and take place during the same time as any light spotting.

Why Implantation Cramping Happens

Implantation cramps occur as a result of the blastocyst attaching itself to the uterine lining. This usually causes slight irritation as the uterus is disturbed. Also, cramps may appear as the result of the body trying to adjust to the increasing pregnancy hormones. This can cause slight cramping and mild discomfort in the lower abdomen. Implantation cramping is often described as a dull painful feeling or a simmering ache in the pelvic and abdominal region.

Abdominal Cramps and Embryo Abnormalities

If a woman experiences cramping to the extent, that it may not be associated with implantation, but yet feels or knows she is pregnant, she may need to seek immediate medical care. Some severe convulsions may be the result of a pregnancy, where the blastocyst has attached itself to the improper place. This is known as an ectopic pregnancy, also called as a tubal one. In such cases the blastocyst stops in the fallopian tube, or possibly in other areas such as the abdominal cavity, cervix, or ovary. As the embryo increases in size, there is no more acceptable place for it to grow, and if the pregnancy continues undetected it can lead to the tube rapture and other unpleasant consequences. There is simply no way such pregnancy can come full term. It must be terminated.

In other cases, abdominal cramping may be a sign of a miscarriage. At the stage in which implantation would occur, if the blastocyst fails to attach successfully or fails to thrive after implantation, a miscarriage could occur. In these very early days, the woman may not even realize she could be pregnant. Though, such cramps and any accompanying bleeding may be mistaken for an early or late period. A miscarriage can occur after implantation and anytime afterwards if there is some type of abnormality of the embryo or fetus. Missed miscarriages are more likely to occur during the first trimester of pregnancy.

Conclusion

Implantation cramps are something that pregnant women may experience. They are not as common as the light implantation bleeding. Moreover, some women may not experience cramps at all. Each lady and each pregnancy are unique. There is no hard fast rule as to whether or not you will experience this during ‘the best period of your life’. Can you prevent implantation bleeding or cramping? Not really. Just keep in mind that these mild cramps and bloody discharge are mostly positive signs. They prompt a mother-to-be that the pregnancy is moving along normally and that nature is doing what it is supposed to do.

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