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Implantation Symptoms: Main Indicators of Possible Motherhood

Implantation symptoms can occur during the process of egg embedment into the uterine lining (also called endometrium). Light nausea, weakness, increased appetite, changes in taste and food preferences can be the symptoms of successful implantation and early pregnancy.

As a rule, the blastocyst`s implantation happens on the 6-7th day after ovulation. This process is divided into two stages. First, the blastocyst simply attaches itself to the uterine lining. In the second stage with the help of special enzymes it finally embeds deeply inside it. The ovum is now located in the endometrial cavity. Endometrium grows gradually and wraps this cavity more and more.

Read also: Cervical Mucus After Implantation: How to Detect Egg Embedment?

Implantation Signs: Can You Be Sure About Conception?

Symptoms After Implantation: Knowing the First Signs of Pregnancy

Implantation is the process from which pregnancy begins.

After implantation the attached foetus grows rapidly. Some of its waste products can accumulate in the organism of mother-to-be. This may trigger a lot of changes in a woman`s body.

Implantation symptoms can be conditionally divided into three groups:

1. “Successful symptoms”, i.e. those ones, which signify successful implantation and early pregnancy.

2. Warning symptoms, which should be discussed with a specialist.

3. False symptoms. They have nothing in common with the process of implantation, but are very similar to pregnancy signs, so can be easily mistaken for them.

Implantation symptoms can occur during the process of egg embedment into the uterine lining (also called endometrium). Light nausea, weakness, increased appetite, changes in taste and food preferences can be the symptoms of successful implantation and early pregnancy.

As a rule, the blastocyst`s implantation happens on the 6-7th day after ovulation. This process is divided into two stages. First, the blastocyst simply attaches itself to the uterine lining. In the second stage with the help of special enzymes it finally embeds deeply inside it. The ovum is now located in the endometrial cavity. Endometrium grows gradually and wraps this cavity more and more.

Read also: Cervical Mucus After Implantation: How to Detect Egg Embedment?

Implantation Signs: Can You Be Sure About Conception?

Symptoms After Implantation: Knowing the First Signs of Pregnancy

Implantation is the process from which pregnancy begins.

After implantation the attached foetus grows rapidly. Some of its waste products can accumulate in the organism of mother-to-be. This may trigger a lot of changes in a woman`s body.

Implantation symptoms can be conditionally divided into three groups:

1. “Successful symptoms”, i.e. those ones, which signify successful implantation and early pregnancy.

2. Warning symptoms, which should be discussed with a specialist.

3. False symptoms. They have nothing in common with the process of implantation, but are very similar to pregnancy signs, so can be easily mistaken for them.

Successful Implantation Symptoms

Symptoms of implantation

Successful Implantation Symptoms

The most widespread implantation symptoms, which indicate successful egg attachment and the beginning of pregnancy, are:

– nausea (morning sickness);

– food aversions and taste changes;

– insignificant rise in body temperature;

basal body temperature rise;

– missed period;

– breast tenderness.

Nausea During Pregnancy

The feeling of nausea appears even before missed period, usually in the morning or on an empty stomach, and may be accompanied by lightheadedness. It is experienced mostly during the first weeks of pregnancy (and at the moment of implantation). Usually appears as a reaction to strong odors. For example, the pregnant woman can feel aversion to fried meat, fish and vegetables. Mothers-to-be often dislike certain perfume fragrances and cigarette smoke. These things cause a sudden nausea and even vomiting. You can relieve this symptom by eating something sour-sweet, e.g., a candy or an apple, or by drinking some juice. Sometimes nausea is so strong, that you may feel aversion to all foods.

Changes in Appetite and Food Preferences

Craving salt is one of the possible changes in food preferences, which appears during the first stage of implantation even before missed period. Sometimes pregnant women also feel strong aversion to meat and fish. They can`t even look at these products. You can also feel some unexpected cravings to those meals you hated before pregnancy and vice versa. Pregnant women often feel bitter and metallic tastes in the mouth (usually on an empty stomach).

Insignificant Rise in Body Temperature

A slight rise in body temperature up to 37,0-37,2С0 , measured in the armpit, is considered to be a common implantation symptom. It is a well-known fact, that 36,6 С0 is a normal body temperature. However, for successful implantation a definite amount of progesterone is needed, as it helps the pregnancy to develop further. This hormone speeds up metabolic processes in the woman`s body and intensifies the blood flow, therefore the body temperature rises. As a rule such changes cannot be felt. A slight rise in body temperature is a common implantation symptom. Don`t be alarmed until you have additional symptoms, for example, pains, nasal cold or fever.

Basal Body Temperature Rise

Basal body temperature (the internal one, measured rectally) is a more accurate indicator, than one, taken in the armpit. It isn`t influenced by environmental factors. That is why the ob-gyns from old times and up to now use the BBT to confirm implantation and successful conception. During this period the BBT level can reach approximately 37,4-37,5 degrees.

Missed Period

Missed period is the most common symptom of pregnancy and correct implantation. If your menstrual cycle is regular, the first thing that must come to your mind when your period is delayed should be about pregnancy. Missed period without implantation is abnormal.

Breast Tenderness

Estrogen and progesterone levels during the first weeks of pregnancy are growing rapidly. These female hormones cause breast swelling and tenderness. Sometimes this increased sensitivity is so pronounced that the discomfort may be caused even by the underwear. Nagging pain is felt after every touch, even the slightest one. Nipples also become very sensitive. Breasts may increase in size, but the skin remains clean, with no redness.

Warning Implantation Symptoms

In addition to the above-mentioned symptoms, which are common for the process of egg embedment, there may be the so-called warning implantation symptoms.

Implantation Bleeding

If instead regular period you experience slight spotting, pay attention to this symptom. Such discharge can appear in case of late implantation, pregnancy hormones deficiency, improper foetus development or its wrong location (for example, low in the uterus or in the fallopian tube, which means ectopic pregnancy).

If you experience spotting before period and think it can be caused by implantation, consult your doctor immediately. If your gynecologist after the pelvic examination and ultrasound is sure the foetus is in the uterine cavity and there are no abnormalities, the hospitalization is unnecessary. He or she will just recommend to avoid any physical workout and to make a short break in your sexual life. Spotting several days before the expected menstruation occurs in 5% of women.

So, if you experience implantation bleeding, do not panic and schedule an appointment with your doctor!

Tugging and Pulling Pain After Missed Period

Tugging and nagging pains after missed period may be caused by the uterine contractions. Remember, that every time pain begins the body asks you to pay attention to one or another health problem. If your period is missed and you feel pain, you need to visit your doctor to confirm pregnancy first. If the blood analysis and pelvic examination showed successful implantation, the ob-gyn would give you an advice regarding your lifestyle and hygiene.

False Implantation Symptoms

Heavy cramping during implantation is considered to be abnormal. The blastocyst is smaller than a dust speck, and it is impossible to feel it physically. You can feel cramps during implantation, when the ovum is released from one of the ovaries.

Sharp stinging or cutting pain in the lower abdomen is abnormal for the uterus and the process of implantation. These feelings may be somehow connected with intestinal spasms, as the bowel is located right behind the uterus. That is why the pregnant woman can think she feels pain in the uterus. During pregnancy a lot of mothers-to-be have digestive disorders. Constipation can be experienced, which can also be the reason for weird cramping in the lower abdomen. Nagging cramps before period delay can be the symptom of inflammatory processes or just signify the beginning of regular menstruation.

Bleeding in the middle of the menstrual cycle does not always mean successful implantation. Sometimes (even rarely) a short-term bloody discharge is experienced after ovulation, but you must pay attention to such signs. Without discussion with a specialist it is impossible to define the exact cause of this type of bleeding.

How to Confirm Successful Implantation

The most accurate way to confirm early pregnancy is to make a blood hCG-test. The abbreviation hCG means human chorionic gonadotropin. This hormone is actively produced after implantation, and can be detected in the urine and in the blood. The second line on the home pregnancy tests shows the rise of this hormone`s level.

HCG measurement gives the most accurate result. You can do the first test approximately three days after your period delay.

The second way to confirm pregnancy is to do a sonogram. It helps to define the location of the attached egg. Foetus can be seen in the uterus 3-4 weeks after implantation. However, it is unnecessary to do the ultrasound examination too often and without the ob-gyn`s approval. The process of implantation is very delicate and every manipulation, even the most careful, can terminate it.

Lifestyle and Diet During Implantation

During the period of possible implantation it is necessary to exclude from your daily routines such SPA-procedures as solarium and sauna. Do not stay in the sun for a long time also.

Your diet must include:

  • cereals and wholegrain bread;
  • fruits and vegetables (seasonal);
  • meat and fish (low-fat);
  • dairy products.

Proteins (meat, fish, cottage cheese) must be also included into your diet, they are necessary for the further embryonic tissues` development.

Meals must be eaten frequently, they should be divided into small portions.

If you are constantly nauseated during the egg implantation and its further growth, always carry a bottle of water and sour-sweet candies with you.

If you want to use the toilet, do not hold it in. Full bladder and rectum can press on the uterus and cause cramping.

Proper nutrition and healthy lifestyle can relieve nausea, protect the uterus from contractions after implantation (which can lead to the threatened miscarriage), as well as ensure the full-fledged embryo development.

Not all pregnant women experience such implantation symptoms (10) as nausea, lightheadedness and taste changes. Don`t be scared if you feel nothing special. Otherwise, don`t worry too, all the unpleasant symptoms usually disappear after the 12-13th week of pregnancy!

Recommended reading:

Symptoms After Implantation: Knowing the First Signs of Pregnancy

Implantation Signs: Can You Be Sure About Conception?

Implantation Bleeding and Cramping as First Symptoms of Pregnancy

Can Implantation Bleeding Look Like Menses: Why So Many Women Mistake?

Many women discuss symptoms of implantation at numerous thematic forums, because it’s truly an exciting and almost always a disquieting topic. In case you haven’t gone through motherhood previously in your life, everything related seems so unusual and thrilling! If these feelings are close to you, you are in the right place at the right time. The following article reviews all the possible implantation signs, describes their specific features and shows interesting statistics on the topic. You will learn how it feels, when a fertilized egg embeds into the uterine wall. So, if you are in the status ‘mom-to-be’ or just begin to think about planning pregnancy, join in and let’s discover tons of interesting information, concerning history of your motherhood from the very beginning.

Spotting, but No Period?

One frequent scenario is when a woman notices spotting several days before menses and thinks it’s just a symptom of an early period. But the queer thing is that normal menses don’t start. Later she finds out about her interesting condition. Wow, what a surprise! In reality if you knew more about implantation, you wouldn’t be shocked so much. Take timing and discharge characteristics into consideration, and you’ll be able to define the real cause of such phenomenon. Spotting about 1 week before menses looks like several drops of blood pinkish in color. This scanty bloody discharge is an indicator of possible pregnancy. To confirm your suspicions do a pregnancy test on the 2-3 day of your period delay. Did you get your ‘big fat positive’?

How Does Fertilized Egg Implant?

Usually on the 8th day after fertilization the egg embeds into the uterine wall. How does it happen? Well, the egg leaves the Fallopian tube and enters the womb. The embryo releases special proteolytic ferments. They help to melt the uterine mucous membrane in the place of future attachment. This process, called also the uterine lining lysis, and egg embedment itself may cause spotting. Women often believe it’s a period, but no, something more interesting!

The time point, when blastocyst attachment begins, gynecologists estimate as 3 weeks of pregnancy. In obstetrics the beginning of the term is measured from the 1st day of that menstrual cycle, in which conception has occurred. Blastocyst embedment usually lasts for 2 weeks. However, fully finished it will be only in another 18 weeks, at the time when placenta develops completely and starts functioning properly. Sadly, early miscarriages between the 5-6th weeks of pregnancy belong to the most frequent ones.

Embryo gets all the necessary nutrients from the mother’s organism and, in his turn, excretes the vital activity products, causing intoxication. That is why the majority of future moms experience nausea and vomiting.

Implantation Spotting & Cramps: Is It Normal?

Women actively read gynecology and obstetrics sources, where the key idea is to seek for medical assistance in case of any suspicious symptoms. Indeed, being overcautious in such matters is much better, than staying indifferent about your own health and, especially, about your reproductive system. Cramps and spotting during blastocyst attachment – do gynecologists consider them normal? Actually, yes, but their timing and intensity must be taken into consideration. If you know, what they should be like, you will easily distinguish natural physiological processes from abnormal symptoms. Let’s study several common implantation signs.

Signs of Implantation

Many future moms ask how to find out, if the embryo attachment has occurred successfully. Certainly, you can listen to your inner feelings, singling out those ones, which prove that new life development inside you. However, having some other objective proofs of conception would be nice. Here we’ll acquaint you with some interesting clues.

Implantation Symptoms

  1. Scanty bloody discharge, looking like a few blood drops inside your cervical mucus, which occurs 1 week before menstruation.
  2. Basal body temperature chart shows a sharp dip on this day. Temperature falls, because the blastocyst embeds into endometrium, causing an estrogen surge. However, if you don’t detect such a dip in your chart, it doesn’t mean pregnancy hasn’t occurred, who knows?
  3. Low abdominal cramps, the same light pricking sensations, which are usually felt before menstruation.

When to Expect the Blastocyst Embedment?

Here you can see a detailed list, describing the probability of embryo embedment during your cycle (DAO means the day after ovulation):

  • 3-5 DAO – 0,68%;
  • 6 DAO – 1,39%;
  • 7 DAO – 5,56%;
  • 8 DAO – 18,06%;
  • 9 DAO – 36,81%;
  • 10 DAO – 27,78%;
  • 11 DAO – 6,94%;
  • 12 DAO – 2,78%.

On Which Day You Can Take a Pregnancy Test?

Can you confirm your interesting condition right after implantation? Now let’s talk about the hCG-level.

During the process of blastocyst embedment, the concentration of this hormone is around 2 nmol/l. It doubles every two days: 4 nmol/l, 8 nmol/l, 16 nmol/l, 32 nmol/l. Now attention! Only when the hCG-level reaches 32 nmol/l, the urine test can show 2 bright red stripes (i.e. only 5 days after embryo attachment!). Statistics show that most often you can do testing on the 14th day after ovulation.

Blastocyst Attachment: How Does It Feel?

Doctors believe implantation symptoms don’t exist, at least you can’t experience them at a physiological level. However, many women succeed with pregnancy detection during the first weeks after conception. First of all they report lower abdominal cramps, occurring because of the egg implantation.

Therefore, symptoms of embryo attachment, certainly, exist. But they are so mild that often many future mothers simply don’t notice them. Implantation bleeding, for instance, looks like 1-2 drops of blood, caused by the uterine blood vessels damage during egg attachment.

Early Pregnancy: Implantation Symptoms or a Risky Condition?

When future moms find out about implantation bleeding, they expect it impatiently. If bleeding starts before menses, they take it as a good sign, indicating that everything has happened. What risks can be hidden here? Actually, “implantation bleeding” is an exaggeration. Don’t understand it literally. You may expect just1-2 blood drops, usually pinkish in color. Implantation bleeding is not an intense discharge like your common period flow. Besides, it won’t necessarily happen to you personally. Not every woman experiences it, and it doesn’t actually have any significance or impact on the future development of your baby. Therefore, if expecting conception you get real bleeding, intensifying and painful, seek for medical assistance immediately.

Statistics and Implantation Issues

According to statistics, only 60% of all blastocysts manage to implant, others die. Successful implantation suggests such characteristics as proper endometrial thickness and sensitivity. Doctors view the whole pregnancy as a dialog between the embryo and endometrium. Disorders, impairing endometrial function and its structure, usually cause infertility issues. Hyperplasia and endometrial polyps belong to those conditions, which affect the uterine mucous membrane because of some hormonal disorders, inflammatory processes or other gynecological diseases (uterine myomas, endometriosis, etc.). Other causes of implantation issues include:

  • “Implantation window” disorders. Embryo can implant only during a limited time interval, while the uterus stays receptive. If those days and hours somehow shift, the blastocyst can’t find the right place to attach and simply dies.
  • Embryonic factors. If embryo forms from a poor-quality ovum or poor-quality sperm cell with abnormalities, it either won’t implant initially, resulting in a miscarriage later, or will develop into a fetus with genetic inborn diseases.
  • Genetic factors, such as gene mutations.
  • Immune factors, such as the presence of antibodies for cells and molecules, important during embryo development, or inability of woman’s immune system to adapt to conception. Don’t forget: your immune system determines an embryo as a foreign body.

Conclusions

So, embryo embedment is usually accompanied by a visible dip of the BB temperature and spotting. Anyway, don’t expect anything “sensational” concerning this subject. All these signs are rather optional and don’t guarantee either a positive or negative result. Even the home pregnancy test sometimes shows the false negative result. So, wait week or two, take one more test and go to your doctor. These are the most reliable ways to confirm pregnancy.

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