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Implantation Cramping and 7 Other Implantation Symptoms

Implantation cramps in the lower abdomen during the early stages of pregnancy are within the normal limits up to the moment they become more intense or prolonged. Light bleeding, back pains, smell and taste disorders as well as chronic fatigue are also regarded as common symptoms of implantation and early pregnancy, which do not demand any special treatment. Basal body temperature, cervical mucus characteristics and the general well-being analysis will help to distinguish between the norm and the ominous signs. If cramping is accompanied by severe abdominal pain, lightheadedness and intensifying bleeding it can be the symptom of some serious diseases, infections and pregnancy complications. In order to make the pregnancy term easy it is very important to know how to distinguish implantation spotting and cramping from other medical conditions.

The Process of Fertilization

Well, for starters, let’s revise what’s going on in your organism during fertilization and implantation. A mature ovum merges with a sperm cell. From now it is a fertilized egg with the ability to divide. A zygote moves along one of the so-called Fallopians towards the womb. Tiny fibres, covering the inner surface of the tube, make its movement much easier. Shortly after the egg reaches the womb, it begins to implant into the uterus. Normally it happens on the 14th day after conception, but every organism is individual, so these terms may vary.

Implantation cramps in the lower abdomen during the early stages of pregnancy are within the normal limits up to the moment they become more intense or prolonged. Light bleeding, back pains, smell and taste disorders as well as chronic fatigue are also regarded as common symptoms of implantation and early pregnancy, which do not demand any special treatment. Basal body temperature, cervical mucus characteristics and the general well-being analysis will help to distinguish between the norm and the ominous signs. If cramping is accompanied by severe abdominal pain, lightheadedness and intensifying bleeding it can be the symptom of some serious diseases, infections and pregnancy complications. In order to make the pregnancy term easy it is very important to know how to distinguish implantation spotting and cramping from other medical conditions.

The Process of Fertilization

Well, for starters, let’s revise what’s going on in your organism during fertilization and implantation. A mature ovum merges with a sperm cell. From now it is a fertilized egg with the ability to divide. A zygote moves along one of the so-called Fallopians towards the womb. Tiny fibres, covering the inner surface of the tube, make its movement much easier. Shortly after the egg reaches the womb, it begins to implant into the uterus. Normally it happens on the 14th day after conception, but every organism is individual, so these terms may vary.

Is Cramping During Implantation OK?

Implantation cramping

Cramping during implantation

Lower abdominal and pelvic types of pain during pregnancy are not rare, but most often they are associated with normal physiological changes in female organism. They are commonly caused by the new condition. During implantation women often experience pelvic cramps or pulling pains. If future embryo attaches to the right side of the uterine, a woman can feel mild pain in the right part of her lower abdomen. Left-side attachment means abdominal discomfort on the left. Generally, every woman may experience the following feelings during egg embedment. There are 7 other embryo implantation symptoms during the first 2-3 weeks of pregnancy:

  1. Implantation cramps.
  2. Lower back pains.
  3. Vaginal spotting.
  4. Fatigue or nervousness.
  5. Weakness.
  6. Lightheadedness.
  7. Twinges in breasts.

Mind, that not every woman experiences all these symptoms. Actually, there is a lot of discussion around this theme. Some newly mothers may tell you they have felt absolutely nothing during implantation. This happens quite frequently. Everything is individual and depends on your physical and psychological state. Symptoms may reveal little by little: firstly, slight twinges in breasts and then lower abdominal pains, little spotting and lightheadedness, etc. The majority of these implantation signs may not appear at all.

Read also: Implantation Cramps or PMS Cramps?

Early Pregnancy Cramps: The Little Known Facts!

Can You Feel Implantation? Implantation Symptoms

What do Implantation Cramps Feel Like?

In Vitro Fertilization and Implantation Cramping

Women, who have undergone INF (In Vitro Fertilization), wait for its results with a sinking heart. Certainly, they pay more attention to any sensations during this period. After 2-3 embryos are transferred, vaginal bleeding and low abdominal cramps may occur. They are not necessary indicators of failure. However, you can’t exclude a threat of a miscarriage or Ectopic pregnancy.

How to Relieve Cramping During Implantation

If severe cramping is really caused by the egg embedment, it won’t last for a long time. Keep in mind that such feelings may also indicate something as banal as, for example, constipation. Anyway, in such situations doctors recommend lying down with your legs raised up and just having some rest. This way pain passes faster. Try to avoid taking pain-killers. During the first weeks of pregnancy some pills may cause harm to the future baby. Keeping yourself hydrated, resting well, practicing meditation or yoga (if your doctor doesn’t mind) will also improve the way you feel generally. If cramping doesn’t cease or intensifies, accompanied by any unusual symptoms, contact your doctor as soon as possible.

Implantation Bleeding and Cramping: How to Distinguish Them from Other Conditions?

Prepare a BB-thermometer, period calendar and let’s analyze your symptoms:

  • Pay attention to your vaginal discharge. During implantation it’s scanty and lighter than menstrual. Spotting lasts 1-2 hours or a few days in rare cases (not more then 3). Light bleeding is associated with partial damage of uterine vessels on the surface, where embryo embeds.
  • Listen to your sensations in the lower abdomen. During the egg attachment you may experience light pulling pains, caused by uterine contractions.
  • If you take your basal body temperature daily, check your data. If pregnancy has occurred, basal body temperature fixes at the mark 37,1-37,3 Celsius.
  • Take a calendar and remember your last period date. For stable 28-30 day cycle ovulation happens on days 14-16. Therefore, implantation may occur in 7-11 days after ovulation, i.e. on days 21-27, little earlier than the day of expected menstruation.
  • Now remember if you had unprotected sex around the ovulation days, this period is more than favorable for conception.

A Sign of Conception or Abnormal Vaginal Bleeding

Pay attention: early bleeding doesn’t always turn out to be implantation spotting. Such discharge, especially if it’s heavy, may also indicate a lot of health problems. For example, mid-cycle bleeding can be caused by hormonal dysfunction, various inflammations in uterus or appendages, injuries and traumas after sexual intercourse, and so on, and so forth. It’s often difficult to sort out things yourself, so it’s better to visit your GYN.

Anyway, even characteristic bloody discharge and abdominal cramping aren’t major symptoms, determining pregnancy. If they remind those, occurring during implantation, make a urine home test a few days after period delay. A blood test for hCG level and ultrasound diagnostics belong to reliable methods, used to confirm pregnancy with 100 percent accuracy.

Pains During Egg Embedment: Women Share Their Experiences

Since implantation cramping is always a topic of current importance, it’s actively discussed at various female forums, specializing in pregnancy. Read one of the themes, created by a girl with similar symptoms:

  • “After sex that was on the ovulation day, 3 days later I woke up from pulling pains in the lower abdomen and thought period had started… suffered for about 20 minutes and fell asleep. But in the morning there was no bleeding! Early implantation, can it be?”
  • “I had pains too. Also thought period was about to start (I didn’t know then that I was pregnant)”.
  • “I felt. For a whole week the lower back in one spot was hurting and remained tense as if someone gnawed at it…By the way, I felt baby’s movements for the first time in the back, not in the abdomen…”
  • “I didn’t have blood or pain some tickling – yes, felt like I wanted to scratch there slightly))”
  • “Yes, a week after conception I was sick, felt pain in abdomen and saw a few blood spots on underwear… felt very bad that day…”
  • “About 30 minutes ago I felt sharp uterine twinges (all in 1 spot), ovulation also was in the right ovary… looked for info in Internet, articles say you feel exactly like this when egg implants…wow!”
  • “I believe I felt it when driving my car…sharp twinges in womb but just for a sec, nothing after. Then once abdominal pulling – 3 seconds, no more…”

As you see, those cramps can be both mild and quite intense, but practically always brief. Otherwise, there may be a risk of miscarriage or other complications in such cases. If you don’t experience any cramping, that doesn’t mean you lost your chance this month. Many women feel absolutely nothing or overlook all signals due to routine or thinking of them as of menstrual symptoms.

Risks of Cramping

Cramping during pregnancy doesn’t necessarily mean something wrong, however, you should know about certain risky conditions, triggering cramps. Ectopic pregnancy, for instance, takes one of the leading places among such conditions. If not diagnosed timely, this abnormality may even lead to the lethal outcome (in 9% of cases). The cause of the improper egg attachment can be different multiple disorders, abortions, intrauterine contraceptives, etc. They affect female reproductive tract and lead to a situation, when embryo starts to develop outside the uterine cavity. Eventually, the fertilized egg dies and a woman because of this may experience heavy bleeding. The rupture of Fallopian tubes is also dangerous for an expectant.

Why is it so necessary to contact your doctor immediately, if you experience the above-mentioned symptoms? If you suspect you may be pregnant due to the mild cramping or light spotting, or the hCG urine test shows 2 desirable lines, every unusual pulling pain and blood flow heaviness must be taken into consideration. It’s better for you and your child to take care of your health as much as possible. All the signs may also indicate different diseases.

Summing up, we see that in 30% of pregnancies implantation process causes specific symptoms. However, some women feel absolutely nothing during this time. Anyway, remember, that implantation pain shouldn’t be too intense. If it lasts for a long time, avoid taking any medications, lie down, take a rest and if you are not feeling better, ask someone to call your doctor or ambulance in critical situations. Happy pregnancy!

Recommended reading:

Cramps, but No period – What Can It Mean

Implantation Bleeding and Cramping as First Symptoms of Pregnancy

Cramping after Sex, Is It Normal?

Implantation Cramping After IVF and IUI

Early Pregnancy Cramps: The Little Known Facts!

Cramps During Early Pregnancy: The Norm or an Ominous Sign?

Implantation Cramps or PMS Cramps?

Cramps After Period: Do They Always Mean You Are Pregnant?

Intensifying Cramps: How to Act?

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