≡ Menu

How to Diagnose Implantation Bleeding

Implantation bleeding is a very disputable fact. This phenomenon has several symptoms, but even they cannot define exactly whether a woman is pregnant or not. If you experience bloody discharge in the middle of your cycle, call your doctor. Such an advice you’ll hear from your nearest and dearest. Actually, there is an element of truth in what they say. Mid-cycle bleeding in any case must be taken into consideration. It means either you are expecting a child, or have some gyn problems. Read our articles, compare your symptoms with ones being described here and make the right decision.

How to Self-diagnose Implantation Bleeding

Bloody discharge, which happens during the first pregnancy weeks, has several symptoms. Usually it looks like your normal period, but some nuances may point to the existence of the small embryo, trying to attach to your uterine wall. Let’s write a simple algorithm of the pregnancy self-diagnostics:

Step 1: check your period calendar. Early pregnancy bleeding is possible only after ovulation. The ovum is fully-developed (matured) on the 12th-17th day of the menstrual cycle. It stays alive for only 12-24 hours. So if it wasn’t fertilized during the day after ovulation, this single cell would die. A woman has it’s normal period, the non-fertilized egg exits with the endometrium lining. So, if your bloody discharge began 3-10 days before regular menses, it can be somehow connected with implantation bleeding. Trace, how many days you have been experiencing the strange mid-cycle cervical mucus. Bleeding during implantation lasts for several hours or 2-3 days.

Implantation bleeding is a very disputable fact. This phenomenon has several symptoms, but even they cannot define exactly whether a woman is pregnant or not. If you experience bloody discharge in the middle of your cycle, call your doctor. Such an advice you’ll hear from your nearest and dearest. Actually, there is an element of truth in what they say. Mid-cycle bleeding in any case must be taken into consideration. It means either you are expecting a child, or have some gyn problems. Read our articles, compare your symptoms with ones being described here and make the right decision.

How to Self-diagnose Implantation Bleeding

Bloody discharge, which happens during the first pregnancy weeks, has several symptoms. Usually it looks like your normal period, but some nuances may point to the existence of the small embryo, trying to attach to your uterine wall. Let’s write a simple algorithm of the pregnancy self-diagnostics:

Step 1: check your period calendar. Early pregnancy bleeding is possible only after ovulation. The ovum is fully-developed (matured) on the 12th-17th day of the menstrual cycle. It stays alive for only 12-24 hours. So if it wasn’t fertilized during the day after ovulation, this single cell would die. A woman has it’s normal period, the non-fertilized egg exits with the endometrium lining. So, if your bloody discharge began 3-10 days before regular menses, it can be somehow connected with implantation bleeding. Trace, how many days you have been experiencing the strange mid-cycle cervical mucus. Bleeding during implantation lasts for several hours or 2-3 days.

Step 2: look at your pad and evaluate the heaviness of the blood flow. If you see just a few red-pink-light brown drops, it’s a good sign. Possibly you are pregnant. If you are experiencing a more heavy discharge with clots and other strange mucus, it can indicate serious diseases or even a missed miscarriage.

Step 3: listen to your abdominal feelings. If you experience some mild cramps, the probability of being pregnant increases a lot. Is it your little baby moving? Who knows, no one can explain the nature of cramping during the first weeks of pregnancy. The fetus is the size of the head of a pin. Think, how can you feel its movements?

Step 4: track your BBT. Of course it’s better if you already have a basal temp graphic. Can you detect early pregnancy with a BBT chart? Possibly, yes. If you are expecting a child, your BBT rate will become higher.

Step 5: take a HPT. If it’s negative, try one more in a few days. Thehormonecalledchorionicgonadotropin doubles every 2 days. Wait until its level will be enough to be detected by the HP test.

If you still think you may be pregnant, remember all the above-mentioned information, as it will be useful during your first ob-gyn visit.

How Do Specialists Diagnose Implantation Bleeding?

Instead waiting 2 more days to take another HPT, tracking the basal body temperature and scrutinizing your discharge you may simply call your ob-gyn. He will schedule an appointment. If you are carrying, it is called a prenatal visit. Practitioners do not usually schedule such appointments before the 8th week of pregnancy. The reasons for you to insist on such an extraordinary visit may be severe abdominal cramps, mid-cycle bleeding and frequent exhausting vomiting.

As implantation bleeding is one of the signs of expecting a child, the gyn during your ‘confirmation pregnancy visit’ will recommend you such procedures as:

  1. Pelvic examination.

During the pelvic exam the doctor takes ‘a pap smear’ to screen for cultures. This is important to exclude the possibility of sexually transmitted diseases contamination. The doctor takes a sample of cells right around the outer edge of the cervix in order to test it for a precancerous state. It is important, as cervical cancer can be the cause of the discharge, which looks like implantation bleeding.

A bimanual internal exam is the palpation of the vagina and feeling the abdomen. The aim of such a procedure is to determine the size of the woman’s uterus and pelvis. The doctor will say how many weeks the woman has been pregnant, taking into consideration the uterine enlargements. There are two more signs of pregnancy, which can be seen during the pelvic exam: slight bluish color of the cervix and the uterine softening. Physical examination is also helpful in checking for the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries abnormalities.

  1. HCG-level tests.

There are two main types of such tests: urine tests and the blood ones. Both are aimed to detect the hCG level in the organism of the mom-to-be. Urine tests check the urine for the hormone existing. They are thought to be the most quickly-performed. Blood tests detect pregnancy right after fertilization. However, it takes several days to find out the results. The blood analysis is usually done in special labs. There are two types of such tests: qualitative and quantitative ones.The first give a short ‘yes-no’ answer, the second, called beta-hCG, measure the exact amount (concentration) of the chorionicgonadotropin hormone. Even very low levels of it indicate the new state.

  1. Ultrasound/sonogram.

A sonogram is a special test, which with the help of the reflected sound waves is able to produce a whole picture of the fetus. The echogram will show whether there is an embryo attached to the lining of the uterus. During the first weeks of pregnancy it is preferred to do the transvaginal sonogram. It determines the fetal age and all the possible abnormalities, connected with the fetus` developing. Transvaginal sonogram also detects an ectopic pregnancy at an early stage.

At the end of your visit, the ob-gyn will review all the findings, explain the results of the tests, confirm the pregnancy or not, and definitely schedule a new appointment, either to continue your antenatal care, or to check whether everything is okay with your reproductive system. Bloody discharge without a fetus development inside the uterus cannot be called implantation bleeding. Often it is a symptom of the existing inflammation or more serious diseases – endometriosis, STD and even cervical cancer.

Prev1 of 4