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Cramps a Day After Sex. Most Common and Threatening Causes

Pain during intercourse has a certain background: psychological or organic. The latter includes vaginal, uterine, adnexal or pelvic diseases. The most threatening ones among them are uterine oncopathology, inflammation of uterine tubes, bursting of a cyst and ovarian apoplexy. All the mentioned conditions must be examined by a gynecologist, with subsequent prescription of treatment.

In some cases, sex can be painful under the influence of these or those factors. This phenomenon is referred to as dyspareunea. Often, pain can be experienced even the next day after sex. Causes of dyspareunea can be either physical or psychological. The latest includes moral unpreparedness to sex, emotional disaffection for the partner, previous stress, including negative sexual experience. Special attention should be given to vaginism – reflexory contraction of vaginal muscles, which has a nervous background and can cause pain during and after coitus. Let us pass to more detailed study of organic factors of dyspareunea.

Pain during intercourse has a certain background: psychological or organic. The latter includes vaginal, uterine, adnexal or pelvic diseases. The most threatening ones among them are uterine oncopathology, inflammation of uterine tubes, bursting of a cyst and ovarian apoplexy. All the mentioned conditions must be examined by a gynecologist, with subsequent prescription of treatment.

In some cases, sex can be painful under the influence of these or those factors. This phenomenon is referred to as dyspareunea. Often, pain can be experienced even the next day after sex. Causes of dyspareunea can be either physical or psychological. The latest includes moral unpreparedness to sex, emotional disaffection for the partner, previous stress, including negative sexual experience. Special attention should be given to vaginism – reflexory contraction of vaginal muscles, which has a nervous background and can cause pain during and after coitus. Let us pass to more detailed study of organic factors of dyspareunea.

Defloration, as a reoccurring cause of painful sex

Complete disruption of the virginal membrane is not always momentary. That is why, the next few times, following the first sexual intercourse can also be accompanied by pain. There are records of complete disruption of the membrane at child delivery. In case pain accompanies sex from the very first time, but still no psychological or anatomical causes are observed – than it is appropriate to assume incomplete disruption. Preventive means against dyspareunea include searching for positions, excluding stretching of the “undisrupted” membrane.

Traumas and atrophy of endothelium – common “warnings” of pain a day after sex

Rough sexual intercourse is fraught with infliction of micro endothelial fractures (internal mucous lining of the vagina). This is typical for mucous lining, atrophied with age. Women in postmenopausal period have thin endothelial lining and little production of lubrication; that is why micro traumas can be rather frequent. Possible means of prevention: offsetting the decline of the endocrine profile through intake of estrogen, including natural products, as well as application of lubricants. The second method is safer and more physiological.

Post-coital pain, caused by Candida infection

Displacement of agents of normal micro flora by Candida fungus (commonly referred to as thrash) is characterized by formation of curdy discharge with acid putrid smell, genital discomfort and dyspareunea. The treatment of this fungal infection can be prescribed only by a specialist. Therefore, observing the above mentioned symptoms should serve sufficient ground for visiting a gynecologist.

Post-coital pain, which points to possible nonmalignant processes in the vagina

There are many diseases included in this group, namely nevus, eczema, hypertrophic proliferation, cysts of Bartholin glands, vessel tumors. Their general features are nonmalignant course and the ability to provoke discomfort during sexual intercourse. Differences are in the prognosis and various approaches to the treatment.

Pelvic genesis of painful sexual intercourse

Adhesions in minor pelvis result from previous inflammations, both gynecological and intestinal. They limit flexibility of the uterus during intercourse, which in its turn causes painful sensations.

 The second pelvic factor is neuralgia – inflammation of nerves can appear in any of innervated organs, and pelvic organs are no exception. Etiology and treatment of this condition can be determined only by a doctor.

The third cause is relaxation of pelvis. This problem, which is often associated with age, involves failure of pelvic fixation. This disease is accompanies by disturbance of stool and urination.

Cramps after sex: uterine origination

Myomas, fibromyomas, uterine leiomyomas and endometriosis (proliferation of the mucous lining out of the uterine cavity) can be accompanied by occasional bleeding of variable intensity and persistence, as well as painful sensations, including ones associated with coitus. Presence or absence of pain depends on the dimensions and location of the tumor or to the dissemination and location of endometriosis. These conditions mark the commencement of the most alerting diseases, provoking post-coital pain, since they threaten with complications.

Adnexal inflammation – serious cause of pain after sex

Affection of uterine tubes is a threatening consequence of sexually transmitted diseases. It requires massive antibiotic therapy. It may even end up with infertility in case of inappropriate or untimely treatment.

Most aggressive factors, which are able to provoke cramps a day after sex

The following two conditions are considered life-threatening.

  1. Twisting or disruption of follicular cysts;
  2. Ovarian apoplexy.

The first case involves necrosis and “burst” of the ovarian cyst, while the second case – the ovary itself. Such cases involve acute pain and, possibly, bleeding. Patients with suspicion of these diseases should be immediately hospitalized.

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