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Changes in Cervical Mucus in Early Stages of Pregnancy. Signs of Pregnancy

Pregnancy is a gradual complex alteration of the organism. It receives response from all the systems, and such signs of pregnancy, as menstruation delay, sickness, frequent urination, breast swelling, etc., are observed in early stages. Besides, the staging of discharge of cervical mucus, undergoes certain modifications, which also indicates to pregnancy.

Pregnancy is a laborious and long process, which has to do with many changes of the female organism, including endocrine alteration. Absolutely all the systems of the organism, from reproductive to cardio-vascular, adjust themselves to pregnancy.

Such an alteration cannot pass unnoticed even in the early stages. Therefore, almost immediately after implantation women start experiencing early signs of pregnancy. Here are some of them.

Pregnancy is a gradual complex alteration of the organism. It receives response from all the systems, and such signs of pregnancy, as menstruation delay, sickness, frequent urination, breast swelling, etc., are observed in early stages. Besides, the staging of discharge of cervical mucus, undergoes certain modifications, which also indicates to pregnancy.

Pregnancy is a laborious and long process, which has to do with many changes of the female organism, including endocrine alteration. Absolutely all the systems of the organism, from reproductive to cardio-vascular, adjust themselves to pregnancy.

Such an alteration cannot pass unnoticed even in the early stages. Therefore, almost immediately after implantation women start experiencing early signs of pregnancy. Here are some of them.

Cervical mucus during pregnancy

Normally, the mucus, produced by the glands of the uterine cervix mucous lining, is transparent or whitish and does not have any smell. The intensity of its secretion and the biochemical content are regulated by basic sex hormones, namely estrogen and progesterone. The phases of its secretion are related to the menstrual cycle (MC).

What does cervical mucus look like in early pregnancy?

6 stages of this process can be outlined:

1. Minimal amount of discharge (or “dry days”) – coincide with the follicular phase of the MC, when all the resources of the system are aimed at the maturation of the ovum;

2. Sticky, thick discharge – this type of mucus is yet not so suitable for conception;

3. Cream-like “soft” mucus – the level of estrogen rises;

4. Profuse watery discharge – the peak of this phase precedes ovulation and therefore it is advised to abstain from sexual life, if pregnancy is no part of one’s plans;

5. Cervical mucus in early pregnancy similar to an egg white – is provoked by maximal level of estrogen;

6. Whitish thick discharge is observed until menstruation.

While the phases 3-5 are regulated by estrogen, the 6th phase is exclusively a progesterone type. A laboratory test, confirming this, involves drying up the cervical mucus on the glass slide and examining it under a microscope.

Once dried up, the “estrogen” (fertile) mucus forms a fancy pattern, which resembles a frond. The 6th type crystallizes partially (in fragments) and the “picture” does not come together. It’s all due to the fact that under the influence of progesterone, the acid content in the mucus reduces rapidly.

During pregnancy the egg white discharge stays on for a longer period than usual, since the level of estrogen remains rather high. Further, after the formation of a mucous plug in the uterine cervix, the mucus thickens, acquiring a typical “progesterone-determined” look. Thus, phase changes are typical to early stages of pregnancy.

Delay of the period

Conception naturally interrupts the regular MC and the period does not start at the due time. Presence of blood discharge, shortly before the expected period, can only be indicative to implantation bleeding. This is a small amount of blood, produced by the uterine mucous lining vessels, affected during the invasion of the ovum.

The modern home UPT tests (Urine Pregnancy Test) can be taken even on the first day of the delay. This is one of the veracious methods of learning about pregnancy and finding out the actual cause of absence of the period. Apart from conception, there can be other causes for the delay, such as stress, rapid weight loss, hormonal disruption, etc.

Moring sickness and other changes in the intestinal system

Taste disturbance, sickness and even vomiting are classical early pregnancy symptoms. Most often, these symptoms show up in the first part of the day and pass away in just a few hours. Normally, this symptom appears approximately in the 6th week and disappears spontaneously in 6-12 weeks. The reason for such malaise is not thoroughly examined. Most probably, this is a complex response of the organism to the rise of estrogen and progesterone levels, as well as intensified sensibility to human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG).

Response of the urogenital system

Enlargement of the uterus in the first trimester creates increased pressure on the urinary bladder, which in its turn provokes frequent urination. With the progress of pregnancy, the periodicity of urination may normalize due to the fact that the uterus moves up to the abdominal cavity. The same symptoms reoccur at the final stage of pregnancy, due to the decent of the fetal head and repeated pressure upon the urinary bladder.

Modification of lacteal glands

Increased and intensified sensitivity of breasts is a typical early pregnancy sign. In some cases, the response of lacteal glands can be even painful. This adaptative symptom is more characteristic to first-time moms.

Some women may observe transparent secrete, discharged from nipples, which constitutes one of the stages of preparation to lactation. Nevertheless, this symptom does not necessarily testify to further intensity of production of milk. Not all women who have sufficient lactation, observe this symptom and not all women who did have nipple discharge, eventually produce much milk.

Skin symptoms

When pregnant, as a rule, observe increased pigmentation of mammary area (areolas). In some cases, the central abdominal line from the joining point of pubic bones (pubis) up to the belly-button also acquires a dark coloring.

Besides, rapid growth of abdominal circumference is often causes stretches of the skin (stretch marks). Both the appearance of stretch marks and hyper pigmentation depend on individual characteristics of the skin structure.

Absolute symptoms

To make sure in the normal course of pregnancy it is required to consult a doctor, who will be able to determine unquestionable clinical signs of pregnancy. Among them are:

  • Changes in the color (darkening) of vaginal and cervical mucous lining;
  • Identification of heartbeat of the embryo;
  • Presence of the fetus, established by ultrasonography.

Apart from this, the gynecologist can make the above mentioned analysis of discharge, in order to detect alteration of cervical mucus, pointing to the fact of pregnancy.

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