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Main Causes of Burning During and After Intercourse: 5 Basic Sources of Origination

Vaginal burning during intercourse is one of the symptoms of sexual discomfort. It can be caused by a number of factors. These are five main directions: age-determined changes, allergy, pediculosis (lice infection), genital infections and tumors. The choice regarding the dimensions of therapeutic intervention is made depending on the origin of such burning.

Most often, itching and burning during sex are provoked by the affection of epithelium, covering the vagina from inside. There are plenty of factors that can explain infliction of such micro traumas, but they can be classified in 5 basic groups:

  • Age-determined atrophy (decline);
  • Allergic reaction, for example, caused by a lubricant or spermicide;
  • Pediculosis pubis (pubic lice);
  • Infective affection;
  • Development of an oncological process

Vaginal burning during intercourse is one of the symptoms of sexual discomfort. It can be caused by a number of factors. These are five main directions: age-determined changes, allergy, pediculosis (lice infection), genital infections and tumors. The choice regarding the dimensions of therapeutic intervention is made depending on the origin of such burning.

Most often, itching and burning during sex are provoked by the affection of epithelium, covering the vagina from inside. There are plenty of factors that can explain infliction of such micro traumas, but they can be classified in 5 basic groups:

  • Age-determined atrophy (decline);
  • Allergic reaction, for example, caused by a lubricant or spermicide;
  • Pediculosis pubis (pubic lice);
  • Infective affection;
  • Development of an oncological process

Hypoestrogen changes of vaginal epithelium

Stepping over menopause, the female organism comes under a complex alteration, including adjustment to a new endocrine profile. Thus, estrogen deficiency, which is observed after 50-55 years, entails reduced secretion of cervical mucus, thinning of inner lining of the vagina, as well as many other changes. These factors may cause discomfort and burning during and after intercourse.

Such changes have physiological nature, but they can be delayed, thanks to individual scheme of substitutive hormonal therapy, developed with the help of a gynecologist. Otherwise, resigning oneself to age, one may fall back on usage of synthetic gels (lubricants).

Allergy

At the same time, the response of immune system to this or that stimulator is not always predictable. The content of products, which are used during sex for different purposes, is rather variable. Therefore, it is quite common to have allergic reaction to any of components of the lubricant or spermicide (chemical surface-active substance, which deactivates sperm cells in the vagina, before they can penetrate into higher sections of the genital tract, and has limited ability of protection against sexually transmitted infections).

In case of reddening, swelling and vaginal burning possibility of infectious inflammation is excluded in the first place. Usually previously used drugs are advised to be substituted by antihistamine preparations providing that the presence of infections is not confirmed.

Pediculosis pubis and crusting

Intensive itching, irritation of the skin, burning during intercourse, and apart from these vesicular eruption and presence of ducts under the skin are the symptoms of two of these diseases. The difference between them is in dispersion of crusting all over the body in the first case, whereas pediculosis is confined to the area of pubic hair. The treatment involves usage of special sprays and shampoos.

Factor of infection

Thenormal micro flora balance can be disturbed under these circumstances:

  • Antibiotic treatment;
  • Unhealthy diet (abundance of sweet, greasy and spicy food);
  • Systemic diseases (for example, diabetes mellitus);
  • Influence of pathological agents.

Dysbacteriosis can be accompanied by the following symptoms: itching, vaginal burning after sex, increased amount of discharge, unpleasant smell. Most often, vaginal infections arise from excessive growth of Candida fungus and Gardnerella vaginalis, and less frequently – trichomonad invasion. These diseases may be diagnosed at the stage of examination of discharge (watery discharge with fish-like smell are the case with gardnerellosis, curdy discharge indicates to Candidiasis, foamy secrete points to trichomoniasis), but the final diagnosis can be made after bacterioscopic analysis (microscopic examination) and inoculation of discharge. This has to do with the fact that sometimes apparent chronic processes combined with active itching, pain and bleeding should be differentiated from oncopathology.

Basically the treatment of bacterial infections involves prescription of antibiotics. Nevertheless, further recommendations regarding the maintenance of proper personal hygiene and normal acid environment of the vagina play a significant role.

Vaginal burning during sex, caused by the growth of sharp-ended condylomas, should be paid special attention to. These “genital warts” appear under the influence of the human papilloma virus. Surgical resection of condylomas proved to be the most effective method of treatment.

Neoplasmas and burning

Vaginal burning during intercourse can occur in the result of nonmalignant, precancerous or cancerous processes developing in the vagina or the vulva (general term, used to denote external genitalia, such as the clitoris, vaginal lips).

Treatment of nonmalignant tumors is not specific. The patients are advised to change certain habits, related to the hygiene: opt for loose-fitting underwear, made of natural fabrics, wash with neutral soup. In some cases, anti-inflammatory ointments may be prescribed.

Precancerous diseases are subject to treating via micro-surgical intervention (for example, laser destruction) and require special attention, since they are able to transition into a malignant neoplasma. The latter are subject to radical surgical treatment, sometimes, in complex with pharmacological therapy.

Taking into account all the above mentioned facts, it is required to seek professional medical help in case of vaginal pain after sex or irritation of vaginal or vulval mucous lining. Taking certain simple tests will help to get rid of this unpleasant problem, while in other cases, when oncological issues are the cause, this can save the life of the patient.

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